Zeus Timeline

Zeus Timeline


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Hercules

Known as a great hero in classical mythology, his name is of Greek origin that meant “in Hera’s service”. He was the son of Greek god Zeus and Alcmene, a mortal. Hercules is known for his enormous strength and his great adventures. He can be found on the Bible Timeline Chart around 1300 BC.

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The Romans decided to adapt this heroic Greek icon in their myths and literary pieces, as well as in the art. However, in popular culture and Western literature, the name Heracles was used less often than the name Hercules. This divine hero was also famous as a figure with contradictory traits.

There were several versions of the life and adventures of Hercules. However, it remained constant in various storytellers that the father of Hercules was Zeus, who was also the supreme god. Although he was mighty and powerful, he was not quite a good husband to Hera, who was his wife and the queen of the gods. In fact, Zeus fell for a lovely mortal named Alcmene, and the two had a son.

When Hera learned about this, she became enraged and was determined to harm the unborn child. Nevertheless, Alcmene was able to protect the child and gave birth to a boy whom she named as Herakles. This name meant “the glorious gift of Hera”. The queen of the gods became even angrier upon learning this, and she decided to send snakes into the child’s crib to kill him. However, Hercules was amazingly strong even as a baby, and he was able to strangle and kill the snakes even before they could hurt him.

This did not stop Hera from scheming ways to make Hercules’ life miserable. After all, she wanted Zeus to pay back for his mistakes and infidel ways. She was also angry at the fact that she lacked much power to stop Zeus from having a child with another woman.

Strength of Hercules

Heracles grew up to be a strong and great warrior. He also married Megara, and they were blessed with two children. Unfortunately, Hera continued to make Hercules suffer by killing his children and his wife. Devastated by his misfortunes, Hercules consulted Apollo for advice on how to free himself from these punishments from Hera. Apollo told Hercules to perform tasks that would cleanse him from his mistakes. Hence, he obediently performed 10 labors, which were eventually increased to a total of 12.

Afterwards, Apollo ordered Hercules to go to Tiryns, which was led by a ruthless ruler named Eurystheus. In myths, Eurystheus was a harsh and brutal king, and Hercules expected to receive much punishment from the king. Also, Hercules was tasked to serve the king for 12 years as he performed each of the 12 labors.

Upon completion of his tasks, he was able to fulfill his deepest dreams. Apollo told Hercules that he would become immortal. This means, he was spared from death, and that he would become like one of the gods who enjoyed eternal life and great powers throughout his life.


Zeus Timeline - History

The Life and Times of Hercules

Stories about the gods, called myths, were made up thousands of years ago. Was there a real Hercules, a man behind the stories? We will never know. Yet, his story is of a man who was so strong and courageous, whose deeds were so mighty, and who so endured all the hardships that were given to him, that when he died, Hercules was brought up to Mount Olympus to live with the gods.

Hercules was both the most famous hero of ancient times and the most beloved. More stories were told about him than any other hero. Hercules was worshipped in many temples all over Greece and Rome.


Berlin F 2278, Attic red figure kylix, c. 500 B.C.
Side B: Hercules, carrying his club and wearing his lion skin,
walks with a procession of gods and goddesses to Olympus.
Photograph by Maria Daniels, courtesy of the Staatliche
Museen zu Berlin, Preußischer Kulturbesitz: Antikensammlung

There are as many different versions of Hercules' life story as there are storytellers. Differences between the Disney movie version and other versions include the explanation of who Hercules' parents were, and why he had to perform the 12 Labors. Zeus, Hercules' father, was the most powerful of the gods. That meant Zeus could do anything he pleased, but it also meant that sometimes Zeus was not a very good husband to his wife, Hera, the queen of the gods.

Zeus fell in love with a beautiful Greek woman named Alcmene [Alk-ME-ne]. When Alcmene's husband, Amphitryon, was away, Zeus made her pregnant. This made Hera so angry that she tried to prevent the baby from being born. When Alcmene gave birth to the baby anyway, she named him Herakles. (The Romans pronounced the name "Hercules," and so do we today.) The name Herakles means "glorious gift of Hera" in Greek, and that got Hera angrier still. Then she tried to kill the baby by sending snakes into his crib. But little Hercules was one strong baby, and he strangled the snakes, one in each hand, before they could bite him.


Louvre G 192, Attic red figure stamnos, c. 480-470 B.C.
The baby Hercules wrestles with the snakes Hera has sent to his crib.
Photograph by Maria Daniels, courtesy of the Musée du Louvre

Hera remained angry. How could she get even? Hera knew that she would lose in a fight, and that she wasn't powerful enough to prevent Zeus from having his way. Hera decided to pay Zeus back for his infidelity by making the rest of Hercules' life as miserable as she could.

Eurystheus and the 12 Labors

When Hercules grew up and had become a great warrior, he married Megara. They had two children. Hercules and Megara were very happy, but life didn't turn out for them the way it does in the movie. Hera sent a fit of madness to Hercules that put him into so great a rage, he murdered Megara and the children.

When Hercules regained his senses and saw the horrible thing that he had done, he asked the god Apollo to rid him of this pollution. Apollo commanded the hero to do certain tasks as a punishment for his wrongs, so that the evil might be cleansed from his spirit.


Würzburg L 500, Attic red figure Panathenaic amphora, c. 500 B.C.
The god Apollo.
Photograph by Maria Daniels, courtesy of the Martin von Wagner Museum, Würzburg

Apollo had many divine responsibilities. As Phoebus, he was the sun god, and every day he drove the chariot of the sun across the sky. He was the god of healing and music. Finally, Apollo was a god of prophecy: the Greeks believed that Apollo knew what would happen in the future, and that he could advise people how to act.

Hercules hurried to the temple where Apollo gave such advice. It was in the town of Delphi and was called the Delphic oracle. Apollo said that in order to purify himself for the spilling of his family's blood, he had to perform 10 heroic labors (this number would soon be increased to 12).


Delphi, view looking SE across the Temple of Apollo's terrace toward the valley below.
The sanctuary of Apollo at Delphi was built on a very steep hillside.
Photograph by Pamela Russell

Hercules got even more bad news. Apollo declared that he had to go to the city of Tiryns. The king of Tiryns was Eurystheus [You-RISS-theus]. Eurystheus had a reputation for being mean, and Hercules knew that the king would give him a tough time. The hero had to serve Eurystheus for twelve years while he performed the Labors. There was some good news, though. When the tasks were completed, Apollo said, Hercules would become immortal. Unlike other men, instead of dying and going to the Underworld of Hades, he would become a god.


Aerial view of the fortress-palace at Tiryns.
The citadel's impressively thick fortress walls have stood for over thirty centuries.
Photograph by Raymond V. Schoder, S.J., courtesy of Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers

You might want to explore the 12 Labors of Hercules, at this point, or you can continue to read about his life. Most of the pictures of Hercules shown at this web site were painted by the Greeks on vases around 2200 to 2500 years ago. Notice that Hercules wears a lion's skin, the prize from his first Labor, and wields a huge club.

Further Adventures of Hercules

After he completed the 12 Labors, Hercules didn't just sit back and rest on his laurels. He had many more adventures. One was to rescue the princess of Troy from a hungry sea-monster. Another was to help Zeus defeat the Giants in a great battle for the control of Olympus. You might want to read these other stories about Hercules now, or continue with the hero's biography, below.


Toledo 1952.66, Attic black figure lekythos, c. 510 B.C.
Hercules sneaks up on a sleeping giant, Alkyoneus
Photograph by Maria Daniels, courtesy of the Toledo Museum of Art

Hercules got married a second time, to the beautiful Deianira [Day-an-EE-ra]. When Hercules was returning from his last adventure, Deianira gave him a welcome-home present. This was a cloak which she had woven herself. Deianira had a magic balm which a centaur had given to her. The centaur told Deianira that anyone who put on the balm would love her forever. But actually the balm contained a caustic poison. This balm she now smeared into the cloak.


London E 370, Attic red figure pelike, c. 440-430 B.C.
Hercules trades in his old lionskin for the new cloak Deianira has woven him.
Photograph courtesy of the Trustees of the British Museum, London

When Hercules received the cloak and tried it on, his body immediately began to burn with excruciating pain. He tried to pull the cloak off, but the pain burned even harder and deeper. Death, thought Hercules, would be better than unendurable pain. Bellowing in agony, he asked his friends to build a huge pile of wood on the top of Mount Oeta. This would be Hercules' funeral pyre. He laid himself upon the pyre, and told his friends to light it. As the fire began to burn Hercules alive, the great gods looked down from Olympus. Zeus said to Hera that Hercules had suffered enough. Hera agreed and ended her anger. Zeus sent Athena to take Hercules from the pyre, and she brought Hercules to Olympus on her chariot.


Munich 2360, Attic red figure pelike, c. 410 B.C.
Athena and Hercules leave the funeral pyre, headed for Mount Olympus.
Photograph copyright Staatl. Antikensammlungen und Glyptothek, München

To read more about these topics, see Further Resources.

This exhibit is a subset of materials from the Perseus Project digital library and is copyrighted. Please send us your comments.


Personality

Zeus is known to have been incredibly powerful, yet equally benevolent and just, as well as divinely wise, since he would create humanity in the Old Gods' likeness (imbuing them with many virtues), and when Ares sought to corrupt them, he created the Amazons to protect humanity (imbuing them with the ability to spread love, compassion, and a mutual understanding among all human nations). Also, notably, when Ares first attempted to corrupt humankind, Zeus created the amazons to spread love and compassion in order to counter Ares' corrupting influence instead of actively interfering and killing him and simply drove back Ares during the War of the Gods, and banished the God of War, which showed that Zeus still loved, and did not want to kill his own son despite Ares' faults and everything he had done. This demonstrates Zeus' great love for his firstly created race, other beings, and his own family, as well as an extraordinary level of emotional intelligence and wisdom.

Zeus' fearlessness, nobility, and foresight are on display both when Zeus personally fights Darkseid, and later when despite Ares managing to slay every other Old God in the War of the Gods, Zeus faced his malevolent son in combat without hesitation and drove him back, in order to buy himself enough time to father Diana and create the protective paradise of Themyscira, so that when Ares returns, humanity will still have a godly savior capable of stopping the fearsome God of War. And indeed, Wonder Woman as a superhero seeks to uphold her late father's virtues and ideology.

If the myth mentioned by Lex Luthor (about Zeus cruelly punishing Prometheus) is true, then Zeus can be said to have a darker side, but given Wonder Woman's reaction of frustration and anger upon hearing the account, it is likely that the myth is actually inaccurate.


Contents

The statue of Zeus was commissioned by the Eleans, custodians of the Olympic Games, in the latter half of the fifth century BC for their newly constructed Temple of Zeus. Seeking to outdo their Athenian rivals, the Eleans employed the renowned sculptor Phidias, who had previously made the massive statue of Athena Parthenos in the Parthenon. [2]

The statue occupied half the width of the aisle of the temple built to house it. The geographer Strabo noted early in the 1st century BC that the statue gave "the impression that if Zeus arose and stood erect he would unroof the temple." [3] The Zeus was a chryselephantine sculpture, made with ivory and gold panels on a wooden substructure. No copy in marble or bronze has survived, though there are recognizable but only approximate versions on coins of nearby Elis and on Roman coins and engraved gems. [4]

The 2nd-century AD geographer and traveler Pausanias left a detailed description: the statue was crowned with a sculpted wreath of olive sprays and wore a gilded robe made from glass and carved with animals and lilies. Its right hand held a small chryselephantine statue of crowned Nike, goddess of victory its left a scepter inlaid with many metals, supporting an eagle. The throne featured painted figures and wrought images and was decorated with gold, precious stones, ebony, and ivory. [5] Zeus' golden sandals rested upon a footstool decorated with an Amazonomachy in relief. The passage underneath the throne was restricted by painted screens. [6]

Pausanias also recounts that the statue was kept constantly coated with olive oil to counter the harmful effect on the ivory caused by the "marshiness" of the Altis grove. The floor in front of the image was paved with black tiles and surrounded by a raised rim of marble to contain the oil. [7] This reservoir acted as a reflecting pool which doubled the apparent height of the statue. [8]

According to the Roman historian Livy, the Roman general Aemilius Paullus (the victor over Macedon) saw the statue and "was moved to his soul, as if he had seen the god in person", [9] while the 1st-century AD Greek orator Dio Chrysostom declared that a single glimpse of the statue would make a man forget all his earthly troubles. [10]

According to a legend, when Phidias was asked what inspired him—whether he climbed Mount Olympus to see Zeus, or whether Zeus came down from Olympus so that Phidias could see him—the artist answered that he portrayed Zeus according to Book One, verses 528–530 of Homer's Iliad: [11]

ἦ καὶ κυανέῃσιν ἐπ' ὀφρύσι νεῦσε Κρονίων
ἀμβρόσιαι δ' ἄρα χαῖται ἐπερρώσαντο ἄνακτος
κρατὸς ἀπ' ἀθανάτοιο μέγαν δ' ἐλέλιξεν Ὄλυμπον.

He spoke, the son of Cronos, and nodded his head with the dark brows,
and the immortally anointed hair of the great god
swept from his divine head, and all Olympos was shaken. [12]

The sculptor also was reputed to have immortalised Pantarkes, the winner of the boys' wrestling event at the eighty-sixth Olympiad who was said to have been his "beloved" (eromenos), by carving Pantarkes kalos ("Pantarkes is beautiful") into Zeus's little finger, and by placing a relief of the boy crowning himself at the feet of the statue. [13] [14]

According to Pausanias, "when the image was quite finished Pheidias prayed the god to show by a sign whether the work was to his liking. Immediately, runs the legend, a thunderbolt fell on that part of the floor where down to the present day the bronze jar stood to cover the place." [7]

According to Roman historian Suetonius, the Roman Emperor Caligula gave orders that "such statues of the gods as were especially famous for their sanctity or their artistic merit, including that of Jupiter at Olympia, should be brought from Greece, in order to remove their heads and put his own in their place." [15] Before this could happen, the emperor was assassinated in 41 AD his death was supposedly foretold by the statue, which "suddenly uttered such a peal of laughter that the scaffolding collapsed and the workmen took to their heels." [16]

In 391 AD, the Christian Roman emperor Theodosius I banned participation in pagan cults and closed the temples. The sanctuary at Olympia fell into disuse. The circumstances of the statue's eventual destruction are unknown. The 11th-century Byzantine historian Georgios Kedrenos records a tradition that it was carried off to Constantinople, where it was destroyed in the great fire of the Palace of Lausus, in 475 AD.

Alternatively, the statue perished along with the temple, which was severely damaged by fire in 425 AD. [17] But earlier loss or damage is implied by Lucian of Samosata in the later 2nd century, who referenced it in Timon: "they have laid hands on your person at Olympia, my lord High-Thunderer, and you had not the energy to wake the dogs or call in the neighbours surely they might have come to the rescue and caught the fellows before they had finished packing up the loot." [18] [19]


Dodona

Dodona (Δωδώνα, Δωδώνη, Dodoni) is an important ancient Greek oracle, second in fame only to Delphi. It is located in a strategic pass at the eastern slopes of the imposing Mt. Tomaros, close to the modern city of Ioannina in western Epiros. It was dedicated to Zeus and Dione, and the Greeks believed it to be the most ancient of oracles.

The location provided abundant water through natural springs and rivers, and ample pasture land where "dwell men who have many sheep and many oxen, and they are in number past telling, tribes of mortal men. And there upon its border is built a city, Dodona and Zeus loved it and (appointed) it to be his oracle, reverenced by men. And they (the doves) lived in the hollow of an oak. From them men of earth carry away all kinds of prophecy, — whosoever fares to that spot and questions the deathless god, and comes bringing gifts with good omens." (Hesiod, Kindle Locations 1368-1371).

Herodotus also elaborates on the foundation of Dodona in his Histories: "This I heard from the priests at Thebes, and what follows is said by the prophetesses 52 of Dodona. They say that two black doves flew from Thebes to Egypt, and came one of them to Libya and the other to their land. And this latter settled upon an oak-tree 53 and spoke with human voice, saying that it was necessary that a prophetic seat of Zeus should be established in that place and they supposed that that was of the gods which was announced to them, and made one accordingly: and the dove which went away to the Libyans, they say, bade the Libyans to make an Oracle of Ammon and this also is of Zeus." (Herodotus, Kindle Locations 2723-2726)

Besides mentioning the above mythological foundation of the oracle, Herodotus parses it to mean that the "black doves" were really women from Thebes who were sold to slavery by Phoenicians - one into Libya, and the other into Hellas (the area that was previously called Pelasgia). They were both attendants of Zeus in Thebes so it was natural for them to setup oracles to Zeus at their new place or residence.

In yet another version of Dodona's foundation, Strabo relays Suidas' story "that the temple was transferred from Thessalia, from the part of Pelasgia which is about Skotoussa (and Skotoussa does belong to the territory called Thessalia Pelasgiotis)." (7.7.9.ff).

The oracle was renown throughout ancient Greece and it is mentioned in both the Iliad and the Odyssey "O thou supreme! high-throned all height above! O great Pelasgic, Dodonaean Jove! Who 'midst surrounding frosts, and vapours chill, Presid'st on bleak Dodona's vocal hill: (Whose groves the Selli, race austere! surround, Their feet unwash'd, their slumbers on the ground Who hear, from rustling oaks, thy dark decrees And catch the fates, low-whispered in the breeze)" Homer. The Iliad (Kindle Locations 9147-9151).

This passage of Achilles' words at the funeral pyre of Patroclus describe how the Dodona priests slept on the earth and never washed their feet so they could always be one with the earth (perhaps a remnant of the earlier worship to the Great Goddess), and recited their decrees after listening to the "rustling oaks" as they "low-whispered in the breeze". While this seems to be the dominant account of the oracle delivery, several other versions exist. Sophocles mentions "oracular doves", Herodotus implies a lot process, and a 1st century version indicates that the sounds of bronze cauldrons hit by fallen acorns provided the source for the priests' prophecies.

No matter the method, ancient folk from all around Magna Graecia made the pilgrimage to consult the oracle, and their questions have survived in lead tables - many of which have been found in excavations (see photos). These remarkable records give us a candid glimpse into the main concerns of simple folk, for the oracle at Dodona seemed to be associated with simple private prophesies (as opposed to Delphi oracle that dealt also in weighted state matters). For example, on the lead table pictured on the left a certain Hermon asks to which god he should pray in order to get useful offspring from Kretaia (probably his wife).

Early worship at the site seems to reach back to the first half of the 3d millennium BCE (or earlier) with the worship of the Great Goddess the goddess of fertility and abundance. Archaeological evidence indicates that this ancient cult was already associated with the sacred oak tree, which remained central in worship and divination even after the sanctuary became the domain of Zeus sometime either in early or middle Bronze Age. The god was called Zeus Naios (resident of the sanctuary) and Dodonaean (of Dodona).

The prehistoric Great Goddess (perhaps Gea, or Ge = the Earth) was transformed into Zeus' companion, Dione, and the divine couple resided under the oak tree. Zeus was served by the soothsayers (Selli, or prophets), and Dione by three priestesses or Peleiades (doves) "of whom the eldest was named Promeneia, the next after her Timarete, and the youngest Nicandra" (Herodotus, Kindle Locations 2714-2716).

From its foundation and until the end of the 5th century BCE worship took place in the open, under the sacred oak tree where the Zeus and Dione lived. The priests, called hypophites, delivered Zeus' divinations by interpreting the rustling of the sacred oak's leaves and the flight of wild pigeons that nested in its foliage.

After the 4th century BCE the sanctuary entered a new phase, being a major religious center for the League of Molossians and the Epirote shepherds, and later for the Epirote Aliance which transformed into the Epirote League in 234 BCE. During these centuries, the Hiera Oikia (literally, "sacred house") was built along with temples dedicated to Dione, Heracles, Themis, and Aphrodite.

Reflecting the success Dodona several monumental buildings were also erected, most notable of which were the theatre, the bouleuterion, the prytaneion, and the stadium. The sanctuary's zenith coincided with the reign of Pyrrhus (319-272 BCE) when it became the religious and political center of the Epirot Alliance. At this time the Naia festival was founded, featuring athletic events and dramatic contests probably every four years.

The Aetolians destroyed the sanctuary in 219 BCE, but it was subsequently repaired and improvements were made in the form of stoas and monumental gates. About fifty years later, in 168/7 BCE, the Roman Lucius Aemilius Paullus razed the sanctuary as punishment for the Epirote alliance with Perseus. The sanctuary was repaired once again and functioned for almost another century, but it was almost deserted after Mithradates sacked it during his wars with the Romans in 86 BCE.

Augustus contributed to its resurrection, and the Naia festival continue to be celebrated during Roman imperial times and until the 4th century CE, even though by Strabo's time it was "virtually extinct" (Strabo, Geography 7.7.9 ff). After the 1st century BCE, Dodona lingered in obscurity but it remained active. Justinian was the last Roman Emperor who visited it, but the sanctuary was finally razed and the sacred oak uprooted when Emperor Theodosius banned all Pagan sites and festivals in 393 BCE.

Besides the building of a Christian Basilica in the 5th century CE, Dodona remained inconspicuous in Byzantine times and during the subsequent Ottoman occupation of Greece. The site was identified in 1873 by Konstantinos Karapanos and intermittent excavations occurred in 1913 in1921, and 1929, but systematic archaeological investigation began in in 1952 under Evangelidis and Dakaris. Many of the buildings, including the theatre were restored after that time. Excavations and modest restorations are ongoing, and the ancient theatre had undergone further restorations by 2014.


History

Born as the last child between Kronos and Rhea. As his other siblings were swallowed away by Kronos into his void, his mother secretly hid him and sent him away. Years later he would come back and enact the myth that makes him the Lord of Olympus by killing his father.

Upon the fall of Kronos and liberation of his siblings, Rhea handed over the throne of Olympus to him.

Raised without parental care and love, Zeus yarns for the affection from his mother the most after returning. . After Rhea had handed over the throne to him, she with drew from the affairs of Olympus and going into seclusion.

Prior to the current story line, Zeus and other leaders within the 98th floor of the Obelisk faced against the Monkey King. They were all defeated and injured heavily as a result. Before he succumbed to the sickness of the injuries, he visited his mother once again, only to see her still wallowing in her sorrows and missing Kronos. He reminds her that he is already dead, to which she states his actions did not result in what Rhea desired as she did not save him so that he could kill his father. He leaves and eventually becomes inactive in slumber.

Zeus, along with the other slumbering leaders all made a deal with Harmonia, the leader of the Sea of Time, to participate in the event of the one true god of creation. With the confirmation with Yvlke, they all awoke at the same time and headed to the hidden stage to compete for the title of one true God of Creation and obtain the chance at changing the source code of the system.


The Curse of Persephone

Finally, Zeus was forced to relent and retrieve Persephone from the underworld, returning her to her mother’s Earthly home. Hades, obedient to Zeus, agreed to return the girl, but before she made good her escape, he persuaded her to swallow a single pomegranate seed. The seed bound her to him, and for a few months of every year, she would be forced to return to the underworld to serve as his wife. For the remainder of the year, she lived with her mother.

The curse Persephone lived under was a sort of compromise. She had her freedom and her mother’s company for most of the year, but she was forced to return to Hades to serve her husband for a few months. Like similar myths, Persephone’s plight seems to symbolize the woman’s menstrual cycle and the sacrifices they make to produce children. Women are forever bound to the cycle that produces life, both blessed by the ability to bear children and cursed by the effects the cycle has on the body.


When Was Zeus Born and When Did He Die?

Zeus is a fictional mythological figure who is said to have been born in some undefined prehistoric period, and as such, there is no exact date for the character's supposed birth additionally, there is no widely known classical reference to Zeus's death, which is perhaps unsurprising given that he was supposed to be an immortal god. There are multiple classical sources for the myth of Zeus' birth, including Hesiod's "Theogony," which states that Zeus was the son of Rhea, a child of Mother Earth, and Cronus, a Titan. Hesiod gives no specific date for this event, implying only that the birth of Zeus and other gods took place before mankind existed.

According to classical Greek mythology, Zeus is considered the king of the gods. His equivalent in classical Roman mythology is Jupiter. Though Zeus has multiple conflicts in mythology, he is never in mortal peril and does not have a death mythology thanks to his immortality. Zeus is said to have been raised by Mother Earth, or Gaia, and eventually overthrew his father Cronus for control of the world. Zeus rules over Olympus, the mythical home of the Greek pantheon of gods and goddesses. His creation story is not detailed in the same way as other creation myths for other gods and goddesses, such as Athena, who is said to have been born out of Zeus' head.


Appearance

Zeus appears as an old muscular white-haired man. His eyes are pure white, best seen in the cutscene in God of War II in which he kills Kratos. In his neutral, unaltered form he appears to stand well over 7 feet when compared to the already especially tall Kratos. In God of War II and in the opening scene of God of War III he wears white toga and golden arm guards, but after the start of the Second Titanomachy he replaces his toga with a golden side guard, possibly the Aegis of Zeus, that had similar powers to the Golden Fleece.


Watch the video: Παγκόσμια διαδήλωση κατά του υποχρεωτικού εμβολιασμού στις 19 Σεπτεμβρίου


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