Davis III DD- 395 - History

Davis III DD- 395 - History

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Davis III

(DD-395: dp. 1,850; 1. 390'11" b, 86'11", dr. 11'4";
s. 38 k.; cpl. 235; a. 8 5", 9 21" tt.; cl. Sampson)

The third Davis (DD-395) was launched 30 July 1938 by Bath Iron Works, Bath, Maine; sponsored by Miss E. Davis, granddaughter of Rear Admiral Davis and commissioned 9 November 1938, Commander T. D. Carr in command.

Davis was assigned to Neutrality Patrol in the North Atlantic after war broke out in Europe 1 September 1939. On 13 November she sailed from Boston for Galveston, Tex., from which she patrolled in the Gulf of Mexico and conducted training exercises until clearing for patrol duty on the west coast between 11 March 1940 and 26 April 1941. She returned to the Caribbean for patrol and escort duty.

Continuing to serve in the Caribbean, after the United States entered the war, Davis also sailed on escort and patrol off Recife, Brazil, occasionally voyaging to the southern ports of the United States to pick Ep men and cargo, or to join convoys. On 19 July 1942 she rescued 10 men from the torpedoed British sailing ship Glacier. She sailed from Recife 19 December 1943 for a blockade runner Burgenland (7 January 1944) whom she transferred to the authorities at Recife upon arrival 9 January.

Davis arrived in New York 15 April 1944 escorting Franklin (CV-13), and sailed for England 14 May as a convoy escort, arriving at Plymouth 25 May. On 5 June she was underway from Milford Haven, Wales, to join a convoy en route to Baie de la Seine for the invasion of Normandy. Davis arrived 7 June and five days later while on patrol, repulsed an enemy torpedo boat attack. Returning to the Baie from Devonport, England, 21 June, with a support convoy, she was heavily damaged from an explosion on the port quarter, probably a mine, and after emergency repairs departed 2 days later for Portland England. She continued to Charleston, S.C., arriving 11 August for permanent repairs.

Davis returned to convoy escort duty 26 December 1944 and until 21 June 1945 made four voyages between New York and English ports. Arriving at Norfolk 10 July, she remained there until decommissioned 19 October 1945. She was sold 24 November 1947.

Davis received one battle star for World War II service.

Fall of the Western Roman Empire

The fall of the Western Roman Empire (also called the fall of the Roman Empire or the fall of Rome), c. 376–476, was the process of decline in the Western Roman Empire in which the Empire failed to enforce its rule, and its vast territory was divided into several successor polities. The Roman Empire lost the strengths that had allowed it to exercise effective control over its Western provinces modern historians posit factors including the effectiveness and numbers of the army, the health and numbers of the Roman population, the strength of the economy, the competence of the Emperors, the internal struggles for power, the religious changes of the period, and the efficiency of the civil administration. Increasing pressure from invading barbarians outside Roman culture also contributed greatly to the collapse. The reasons for the collapse are major subjects of the historiography of the ancient world and they inform much modern discourse on state failure. [1] [2] [3]

In 376, unmanageable numbers of Goths and other non-Roman people, fleeing from the Huns, entered the Empire. In 395, after winning two destructive civil wars, Theodosius I died, leaving a collapsing field army, and the Empire, still plagued by Goths, divided between the warring ministers of his two incapable sons. Further barbarian groups crossed the Rhine and other frontiers and, like the Goths, were not exterminated, expelled or subjugated. The armed forces of the Western Empire became few and ineffective, and despite brief recoveries under able leaders, central rule was never effectively consolidated.

By 476, the position of Western Roman Emperor wielded negligible military, political, or financial power, and had no effective control over the scattered Western domains that could still be described as Roman. Barbarian kingdoms had established their own power in much of the area of the Western Empire. In 476, the Germanic barbarian king Odoacer deposed the last emperor of the Western Roman Empire in Italy, Romulus Augustulus, and the Senate sent the imperial insignia to the Eastern Roman Emperor Flavius Zeno.

While its legitimacy lasted for centuries longer and its cultural influence remains today, the Western Empire never had the strength to rise again. It never again controlled any portion of Western Europe to the North of the Alps. The Eastern Roman, or Byzantine Empire survived, and though lessened in strength remained for centuries an effective power of the Eastern Mediterranean.

While the loss of political unity and military control is universally acknowledged, the Fall is not the only unifying concept for these events the period described as Late Antiquity emphasizes the cultural continuities throughout and beyond the political collapse.


In the court case of Chimel v. California (1969), police officers went into the home of Chimel with a warrant authorizing their arrest of Chimel on counts of burglary from a coin shop. [2] The police officers were let into Chimel's home by his wife where they awaited his return home to serve him with his arrest warrant. Upon receiving his warrant for arrest, “Chimel denied the request of officers to look around” [3] his home for further evidence. Ignoring Chimel, the police officers continued their search of Chimel's home “on the basis of the lawful arrest”, [3] and the police even “instructed Chimel’s wife to remove items from drawers”, [2] where she eventually found coins and metals. Later at Chimel's trial for burglary charges, “items taken from his home were admitted over objection from Chimel that they had been unconstitutionally seized”. [3] However, a number of these items including the coins and medals that were taken from his home were used to convict Chimel.

The “state courts upheld the conviction” of Chimel, [4] even though he petitioned that the arrest warrant was not a valid warrant, [3] considering that the police officers searched his home and found evidence that they used against him, without having a search warrant for his house. Prior to Chimel, the Court's precedents permitted an arresting officer to search the area within an arrestee's "possession" and "control" for the purpose of gathering evidence. Based on the "abstract doctrine," it had sustained searches that extended far beyond an arrestee's grabbing area.

Could the warrantless search of Chimel's entire house be constitutionally justified as incident to his arrest?

The Supreme Court ruled 6–2 in favor of Chimel. [4] It held that the search of Chimel's house was unreasonable under the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments.

The Court reasoned that searches "incident to arrest" are limited to the area within the immediate control of the suspect. While police could reasonably search and seize evidence on or around the arrestee's person, police were prohibited from rummaging through the entire house without a search warrant. The Court emphasized the importance of warrants and probable cause as necessary bulwarks against government abuse:

When an arrest is made, it is reasonable for the arresting officer to search the person arrested in order to remove any weapons that the arrestee latter might seek to use in order to resist arrest or effect his escape. Otherwise, the officer's safety might well be endangered, and the arrest itself frustrated. In addition, it is entirely reasonable for the arresting officer to search for and seize any evidence on the arrestee's person in order to prevent its concealment or destruction. And the area into which an arrestee might reach in order to grab a weapon or evidentiary items must, of course, be governed by a similar rule. A gun on a table or in a drawer in front of one who is arrested can be as dangerous to the arresting officer as one concealed in the clothing of the person arrested. There is ample justification, therefore, for a search of the arrestee's person and the area "within his immediate control"—construing that phrase to mean the area from within which he might gain possession of a weapon or destructible evidence. There is no comparable justification, I however, for routinely searching any room other than that in which an arrest occurs—or, for that matter, for searching through all the desk drawers or other closed or concealed areas in that room itself. Such searches, in the absence of well recognized exceptions, may be made only under the authority of a search warrant. The "adherence to judicial processes" mandated by the Fourth Amendment requires no less.

It overturned the trial court conviction by stating that the officers could reasonably search only "the petitioner's person and the area from within which he might have obtained either a weapon or something that could have been used as evidence against him." [5]

In a concurring/dissenting opinion in Riley v. California (2014), citing his dissent in Arizona v. Gant (2009), Justice Alito called Chimel's reasoning "questionable:" "I think it is a mistake to allow that reasoning to affect cases like these that concern the search of the person of arrestees."

Davis III DD- 395 - History

The WWII History Center

A listing of Military Personnel, Military Units, and Naval Vessels that served during World War II, on which we have information.

Unfortunately, due to lack of volunteers and staffing, we are unable to perform research requests at this time. We will, however, leave up our database for you to search, and as always, our library is open to the public for use.

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Jeffrey Dahmer murdered in prison

Serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer, serving 15 consecutive life sentences for the brutal murders of 15 men, is beaten to death by a fellow inmate while performing cleaning duty in a bathroom at the Columbia Correctional Institute gymnasium in Portage, Wisconsin.

During a 13-year period, Dahmer, who lived primarily in the Midwest, murdered at least 17 men. Most of these men were young, gay African Americans who Dahmer lured back to his home, promising to pay them money to pose nude for photographs. Dahmer would then drug and strangle them to death, generally mutilating, and occasionally cannibalizing, their bodies. Dahmer was finally arrested on July 22, 1991, and entered a plea of guilty but insane in 15 of the 17 murders he confessed to committing. In February 1992, the jury found him sane in each murder, and he was sentenced to 15 consecutive life sentences.

Two years later, Dahmer was killed at the age of 34 by fellow inmate Christopher Scarver, who also fatally beat the third man on their work detail, inmate Jesse Anderson. Scarver’s motive in killing the two men is not entirely clear however, in his subsequent criminal trial he maintained that God told him to kill Dahmer and the other inmate. Scarver, already serving a life term for murder, was sentenced to additional life terms and transferred to a federal prison.


When the Roman Empire started, there was no such religion as Christianity. In the 1st century CE, Herod executed their founder, Jesus, for treason. It took his followers a few centuries to gain enough clout to be able to win over imperial support. This began in the early 4th century with Emperor Constantine, who was actively involved in Christian policy-making.

When Constantine established a state-level religious tolerance in the Roman Empire, he took on the title of Pontiff. Although he was not necessarily a Christian himself (he wasn't baptized until he was on his deathbed), he gave Christians privileges and oversaw major Christian religious disputes. He may not have understood how the pagan cults, including those of the emperors, were at odds with the new monotheistic religion, but they were, and in time the old Roman religions lost out.

Over time, Christian church leaders became increasingly influential, eroding the emperors' powers. For example, when Bishop Ambrose (340–397 CE) threatened to withhold the sacraments, Emperor Theodosius did the penance the Bishop assigned him. Emperor Theodosius made Christianity the official religion in 390 CE. Since Roman civic and religious life were deeply connected—priestesses controlled the fortune of Rome, prophetic books told leaders what they needed to do to win wars, and emperors were deified—Christian religious beliefs and allegiances conflicted with the working of empire.

The Vanderbilts: How American Royalty Lost Their Crown Jewels

The Vanderbilts' lavish homes, opulent parties and colorful characters made them the Gilded Age's poster family. At one time some of America's richest thanks to a booming railroad business, they have seen their dollars turn to dust. So where did it all go?

Cornelius "Commodore" Vanderbilt started the family business by borrowing $100 from his mother and piloting a passenger boat on Staten Island in 1810. He expanded into steamboats and then went on to build railroad empire New York Central. Its tracks stretched Vanderbilt's empire across the United States and gave him a monopoly for all rail service in and out of New York city. He reportedly accumulated a $100 million fortune by the time of his death in 1877 - more than was held in the U.S. Treasury at the time.

"Any fool can make a fortune it takes a man of brains to hold onto it," Commodore is said to have told his son William Henry "Billy" Vanderbilt, according to Fortune's Children: The Fall of the House of Vanderbilt, a family history written by cousin Arthur T. Vanderbilt II.

Young Billy did his best: he inherited the family's 87% stake in New York Central and expanded the business, reportedly doubling the family fortune to over $200 million.

The home of Cornelius Vanderbilt II (Photo credit: Cornell University Library)

Cornelius had urged that the bulk of the family fortune be endowed upon one descendant, but when Billy died in 1885, he left the family's stake in the company to both of his sons, Cornelius Vanderbilt II and William Kissam Vanderbilt. The division of the Vanderbilt fortune in the third generation coincided with a decline in family interest in New York Central - and a gradual increase in spending.

Cornelius Vanderbilt II managed the railroads until his death in 1899. William Kissam Vanderbilt took over but retired soon after to concentrate on his yachts and thoroughbred horses, while brother George Vanderbilt's 146,000 acre Biltmore estate ate into his branch of the family fortune. According to Vanderbilt's book, William is said to have remarked: "Inherited wealth is a real handicap to happiness. It has left me with nothing to hope for, with nothing definite to seek or strive for."

The Gilded Age brought with astonishing spending and endless rallies to keep up appearances. Among the Vanderbilt family's prized assets were an impressive art collection of old masters and a string of houses in Newport, Rhode Island, including The Breakers, and 10 mansions on Fifth Avenue in Manhattan.

The Vanderbilts also became philanthropic - third generation William Kissam Vanderbilt gave $1 million to built tenement houses in New York city, as well as hundreds of thousands of dollars to Columbia University, the YMCA, the Vanderbilt Clinic and Vanderbilt University. It was the third generation who stopped growing the fortune: William's extensive philanthropy and spending left an estate reportedly worth the amount he had inherited in 1885 when his father died.

Socialite and heiress Gloria Vanderbilt with her sons Anderson Cooper (left) and Carter Vanderbilt . [+] Cooper circa 1969 in Southampton, New York. (Photo credit: Jack Robinson/Getty Images)

Perhaps the most notable fourth generation Vanderbilt was Cornelius' son Reginald "Reggie" Claypool Vanderbilt, an avid gambler and playboy. He was the father of fashion designer Gloria Vanderbilt, and grandfather to CNN anchor Anderson Cooper. His brother, Cornelius "Neily" Vanderbilt III spent vast sums on maintaining a high society appearance. "Every Vanderbilt son. has increased his fortune except me," Niely once remarked, according to Fortune's Children.

As the family inheritance was dispersed between more and more descendants, New York Central was undergoing changes. The transport business had peaked in late 1920s, but freight soon declined and by the end of World War II trucks, barges, airplanes and buses had cut into its industry. Between 1946 and 1958 it dropped four of its six fast daily passenger runs between New York and Chicago.

The family also sold shares in New York Central, allowing the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway to became a major shareholder. C&O's Robert Young took over the Vanderbilt's former prize in 1954 he committed suicide in 1958 after a disastrous year at the ailing company forced him to suspend dividends. New York Central then merged with the struggling Pennsylvania Railroad Company in 1968, creating a larger failing company known as Pennsylvania New York Central Transportation Company.

New York Central was once the second-largest railroad in the United States, with 11,000 miles of track spanning 11 states and two Canadian provinces. By 1970, its latest iteration declared bankruptcy passenger services were taken over by the federal Amtrak in 1971.

In April this year, 6th generation Vanderbilt Anderson Cooper told Howard Stern's radio show: "My mom's made clear to me that there's no trust fund."

Indeed, all of their New York city homes had been torn down by 1947. Today, the wrought iron gates from a Vanderbilt mansion are now the entrance to a 5-acre conservatory garden in Central Park Cornelius and Alice Vanderbilt's block-long house in Manhattan's midtown district 57th Street is now occupied by high-end department store Bergdorf Goodman.

And though there are not enough readily identifiable businesses or substantial inheritances to warrant the Vanderbilt family a spot on Forbes' inaugural America's Richest Families list, their legacy lives on through the Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee, and Vanderbilt Avenue in New York's Manhattan and Brooklyn.

Where DC meets its water

Mayor Bowser announced that the District plans to end most COVID-19 business capacity limits on May 21 and lift the remaining music and entertainment restrictions on June 11. We are excited to get back together for our regularly scheduled programming and return to some normalcy.

Check out our newly-released Summer Events Calendar with our full schedule of free concerts, outdoor movies, and waterfront yoga.

The Wharf is Where DC Meets

We celebrate diversity.

We embrace humanity.

We value black lives.

We respect women.

We stand with immigrants.

We support the LGBTQ community.

We are united with people of all faiths.

We nurture people with disabilities.

We encourage young people.

We cherish seniors.

We welcome everyone.

Silver Star – Vietnam War

The Silver Star Medal is the United States' third highest award exclusively for combat valor, and ranks fifth in the precedence of military awards behind the Medal of Honor, the Crosses (Distinguished Service Cross/Navy Cross/Air Force Cross), the Defense Distinguished Service Medal (awarded by DOD), and the Distinguished Service Medals of the various branches of service. It is the highest award for combat valor that is not unique to any specific branch it has been bestowed by the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, Coast Guard, and Merchant Marines.It may be given by any one of the individual services to not only their own members, but to members of other branches of service, foreign allies, and even to civilians for "gallantry in action" in support of combat missions of the United States military.

Listed below are links to the recipients and their citations by branch of service.

Davis III DD- 395 - History

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Major milestone reached with new Mountain View Corridor connection with S.R. 201

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Major construction underway on I-80 & I-215 project in Salt Lake

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Watch the video: The Complete History of the Second World War. World War II Documentary. Part 1